|PERLSOURCE(1)||Perl Programmers Reference Guide||PERLSOURCE(1)|
See perlinterp for more details on the files that make up the Perl interpreter, as well as details on how it works.
This directory contains pure-Perl modules which are only released as part of the core. This directory contains all of the modules and their tests, unlike other core modules.
Like lib/, this directory contains modules which are only released as part of the core. Unlike lib/, however, a module under ext/ generally has a CPAN-style directory- and file-layout and its own Makefile.PL. There is no expectation that a module under ext/ will work with earlier versions of Perl 5. Hence, such a module may take full advantage of syntactical and other improvements in Perl 5 blead.
This directory is for dual-life modules where the blead source is canonical. Note that some modules in this directory may not yet have been released separately on CPAN. Modules under dist/ should make an effort to work with earlier versions of Perl 5.
This directory contains dual-life modules where the CPAN module is canonical. Do not patch these modules directly! Changes to these modules should be submitted to the maintainer of the CPAN module. Once those changes are applied and released, the new version of the module will be incorporated into the core.
For some dual-life modules, it has not yet been determined if the CPAN version or the blead source is canonical. Until that is done, those modules should be in cpan/.
Tests for core modules in the lib/ directory are right next to the module itself. For example, we have lib/strict.pm and lib/strict.t.
Tests for modules in ext/ and the dual-life modules are in t/ subdirectories for each module, like a standard CPAN distribution.
Tests for the absolute basic functionality of Perl. This includes "if", basic file reads and writes, simple regexes, etc. These are run first in the test suite and if any of them fail, something is really broken.
Tests for basic control structures, "if"/"else", "while", subroutines, etc.
Tests for basic issues of how Perl parses and compiles itself.
Tests for built-in IO functions, including command line arguments.
Tests for perl's method resolution order implementations (see mro).
Tests for perl's built in functions that don't fit into any of the other directories.
Tests for perl's built in functions which, like those in t/op/, do not fit into any of the other directories, but which, in addition, cannot use t/test.pl,as that program depends on functionality which the test file itself is testing.
Tests for regex related functions or behaviour. (These used to live in t/op).
Tests for features of how perl actually runs, including exit codes and handling of PERL* environment variables.
Tests for the core support of Unicode.
Tests the state of the source tree for various common errors. For example, it tests that everyone who is listed in the git log has a corresponding entry in the AUTHORS file.
The old home for the module tests, you shouldn't put anything new in here. There are still some bits and pieces hanging around in here that need to be moved. Perhaps you could move them? Thanks!
Finally, documentation intended for core Perl developers lives in the Porting/ directory.
These are scripts which will check the source things like ANSI C violations, POD encoding issues, etc.
These files contain information on who maintains which modules. Run "perl Porting/Maintainers -M Module::Name" to find out more information about a dual-life module.
Tidies a pod file. It's a good idea to run this on a pod file you've patched.
Platform-specific pieces of the build system also live in platform-specific directories like win32/, vms/, etc.
The Configure script is ultimately responsible for generating a Makefile.
The build system that Perl uses is called metaconfig. This system is maintained separately from the Perl core.
The metaconfig system has its own git repository. Please see its README file in <https://github.com/Perl/metaconfig> for more details.
The Cross directory contains various files related to cross-compiling Perl. See Cross/README for more details.
You can get an overview of all the files with this command:
% perl -lne 'print if /^[^\/]+\.[ch]\s+/' MANIFEST